Hydrostatic Pressure Testing
Finding Leaks and Verifying Durability
Hydrostatic Pressure Testing provides a method for finding leaks or verifying performance and durability in pressure vessels. Laboratory Testing Inc. can inspect pipes, tubing and coils to a pressure of 10,000 PSI.
LTI is equipped to provide hydrostatic pressure testing using water, oil or air under water. Water is our most commonly used test medium because it is less expensive than oil, an easier method to set up than air, and as a result, is the least costly of the three options for customers.
The hydrostatic pressure test is classified as a nondestructive test, which means the sample is typically not harmed during testing. A sample that does not meet performance or durability specifications may fail and become unusable during a leak test.
The Hydrostatic Pressure Test Process
Standard hydrostatic pressure testing procedures entail filling the test vessel with liquid, bleeding out air and then pressurizing the piece. Our technicians thoroughly examine the vessel for leaks or permanent changes in shape. The test is performed with a nearly incompressible (compressible only by weight, not air pressure) liquid, usually water or oil, because it will only expand by a very small amount should the test piece fail and not pose a danger to the technician. The hydrostatic pressure test can also be performed with pressurized air, but this leak test is generally carried out with the vessel under water for safety reasons.
The pressure used in hydrostatic pressure testing is always considerably more than the operating pressure to give the customer a margin for safety. Typically the test is performed at 150 percent of the design or working pressure. For example, if a pipe was rated to a working pressure of 2000 PSI, it would be tested at 3000 PSI to ensure reliability.
- Products Tested – tubing, pipe, coils
- Testing Medium – water, oil, air (under water)
- Pressures to 10,000 PSI
- ASME SA530
- ASME SA999
- ASME SA1016